What is Kwashiorkor?
Kwashiorkor: Kwashiorkor is the medical name for malnutrition.
When the child is weaned, if the diet that replaces the milk is high in starches and carbohydrates, and deficient in protein (as is common in parts of the world where the bulk of the diet consists of starchy vegetables, or where famine has struck), the child may develop kwashiorkor.
The name is derived from one of the languages of coastal Ghana , translated literally “first-second”, and means “rejected one” reflecting the development of the condition in the older child who has been weaned from the breast.
Kwashiorkor causes the distended bellies in children :
Protein malnutrition. Proteins function in the blood to help keep blood from leaking out of the blood vessels into body tissues and cavities. When blood proteins are very low serum seeps in to the soft tissues and the abdominal cavities causing diffuse body swelling or edema, and abdominal bloating or ascites.
What are the causes of Kwashiorkor ?
Both kwashiorkor (edematous PCM) and marasmus (nonedematous PCM) are common in underdeveloped countries and in areas in which dietary amino acid content is insufficient to satisfy growth requirements. Kwashiorkor typically occurs at about age 1, after infants are weaned from breast milk to a protein-deficient diet of starchy gruels or sugar water, but it can develop at any time during the formative years. Marasmus affects infants ages 6 to 18 months as a result of breast-feeding failure, or a debilitating condition such as chronic diarrhea.
Kwashiorkor occurs most commonly in areas of famine, limited food supply, and low levels of education, which can lead to inadequate knowledge of proper diet.
Early symptoms of any type of malnutrition are very general and include fatigue , irritability , and lethargy. As protein deprivation continues, growth failure, loss of muscle mass, generalized swelling edema, and decreased immunity occur.
A large, protuberant belly is common. Skin conditions (such as dermatitis, changes in pigmentation, thinning of hair, and vitiligo ) are seen frequently. Shockand coma precede death.
Ignorance of nutrition can be a cause. Dr. Latham, director of the Program in International Nutrition at Cornell University cited a case where parents who fed their child cassava failed to recognize malnutrition because of the edema caused by the syndrome and insisted the child was well-nourished despite the lack of dietary protein.
Important factor in the development of kwashiorkor:
One important factor in the development of kwashiorkor is aflatoxin poisoning. Aflatoxins are produced by molds and ingested with moldy foods. They are toxified by the cytochrome P450 system in the liver, the resulting epoxides damage liver DNA . Since many serum proteins, in particular albumin, are produced in the liver, the symptoms of kwashiorkor are easily explained. It is noteworthy that kwashiorkor occurs mostly in warm humid climates that encourage mold growth, in dry climate marasmus is the more frequent disease associated with malnutrition.
Conditions that cause defective utilization of nutrients include malabsorption syndrome, short-bowel syndrome, and Crohn’s disease.
Why one should buy a house in South Ex or Invest in its Real Estate market –
A brief description of South Extension – This area is divided into two parts – South Extension I and South Extension II. It is mainly famous for shopping and provides an international shopping experience to all those visiting the place. South Ex is a must visit for tourists to see locals going about their daily activities.
Retail Market – This market boasts of all national and international known brands like Mehrasons Jewelery Store, Bengali Sweet Market Centre (a restaurant and sweet shop), Teksons Bookshop, Mango (a high-end Spanish female clothing store), Nalli Saris, Sehgal Bros. (clothing). Besides that, it has popular stores like like Ebony, Big Jos, Hopps which are not only famous all over India but also provide a great shopping experience to the visitors. Also, electronic showrooms, popular eat outs like Barista Crème, Mc Donald’s and various other restraints and pubs give the tourists a pulsating experience.
Commercial Market – South Ex flaunts a promising commercial real estate market and has corporate office of many national and international companies. There are also many education institutes located in the area.
The Residential realty market of South Extension (Both South Ex-1 and 2) is also very well organized. Residential property in South Extension is costly as compared to other places of Delhi. This is mainly because of the proximity of South Extension to every part of Delhi and good and frequent transport services. The other Factors that make its property market expensive are hospitals, nearby International Standard Schools and multiplexes. When you are in Delhi you just cannot miss this place.
Another factor which gives South Ex’s property market a boost is Ansal Plaza. It is one of the oldest and the most popular malls in Delhi.
Ease of access:
• 45 minutes from Nizzammudin Railway Station
• Around 30-45 mins from New Delhi Railway Station
• Around one hour from Sarai Kale Khan ISBT
Areas close to South Extension:
• Sarojini Nagar
• Netaji Nagar
• Khel Gaon
• Defence Colony
Why one should buy a house in Janakpuri and invest in its Real Estate Market –
One of the oldest residential markets in Delhi, Janakpuri is divided into four major blocks namely A, B, C and D, which are further subdivided into sub blocks. There is at least one local market in all the blocks of Janakpuri. When it was developed that time it was the largest planned residential property colony in Asia.
However, the most popular markets in Janakpuri are the C-4-E market and the B-1 super market. District Center near the Metro Station has also become one of the most popular hang outs. It boasts of a multiplex, shopping-cum-office complexes, restaurants, book shops, gift stores, brand outlets, courts, Transport Authority and Telephone Exchange. No wonder that this area is called the commercial hub of West Delhi.
This area is also a home to some very reputed schools like St. Marks, St. Francis de Sales & D.T.E.A Sr Sec School at B-1 etc. It also has a Delhi University College – Bharti College and a technical studies institute. Janakpuri has an interesting network of public services such as hospitals and nursing homes. Janakpuri boasts of a large multi specialty Mata Channan Devi Hospital.
Residential property market of Janakpuri is one of the most popular markets of West Delhi. It not only has residential apartments and flats but also bunglows and villas with prices to boast of. People prefer to live here because of its location, markets, temples, Gurudwaras and Churches. Here you will find another unique combination – a temple, a Gurudawara and a Church, adjacent to each other.
Janakpuri is also famous for accommodating the lower-middle class, middle-class and the privileged class, all at one place. In this area, which is mainly dominated by Punjabis, you will find all kinds of people living that’s why property in Janakpuri is in huge demand
This commercial hub of Delhi is one of the most significant and popular areas of the city.
This place is well-connected as DTC buses ply at regular intervals. Janakpuri has an excellent network of roads and is also connected by the metro train.
Ease of access:
• One hour from New Delhi Railway Station
• 20 km. (approx.) from Old Delhi Railway Station
Areas Near Janak Puri:
• Hari Nagar
• Uttam Nagar
• Vikas Puri
• Mahavir Nagar
Ghaziabad is rapidly emerging as a hotspot real estate destination. It is alluring many big builders, developers and investors as all over India the property prices are soaring but here the prices are still within reach. It has become land of opportunities for many big and small builders as it is offering good return on investments. With many MNCs setting up their base in the city, more and more people are migrating here in search of livelihood. Ghaziabad realty market is not only attracting domestic but also global investors.
In recent few years, development in the city is happening at a faster pace. There has been considerable improvement in roads, transport system and infrastructure in the city. Apart from that, well connectivity of the city with Delhi and availability of all basic amenities and lively lifestyle, are some of the reasons why people are moving to Ghaziabad. Also, those who cannot afford to buy homes in Delhi are considering Ghaziabad as an option to remain close to the city because here property prices are quiet affordable as compared to Delhi.
Another factor that has surged the demand of residential property in Ghaziabad is setting up of some good engineering colleges and schools in the city. The city is also emerging as an educational hub and students all over India are coming here for their education. It is also expected that in coming few years many companies more good companies will infiltrate the city thus creating employment opportunities as well as more demand for more homes. Moreover areas like IndraPuram, Kaushambi, Vaishali, Vashundhara, and Shipra are emerging as posh localities of Ghaziabad and many people are looking out for housing options in these areas.
Even though rental prices have soared up in the city the last few years still they are quiet less as compared to Delhi region. In Vaishali, a 2BHK apartment on rent can cost you up to Rs.6000 to 10000 whereas 3BHK can cost you up to Rs.7500 to 12000 and 4BHK can cost you up to Rs.10000 to 16000. In other areas like Kaushambi, Indirapuram, and Vasundhara, the rental prices for 2BHK are Rs.5000 to 12000, 3BHK can cost you up to Rs.8000 to 15000 and 4BHK can cost you up to Rs.10000 to 18000.The cost of rental values can vary depending upon the location.
Ghaziabad property market is boasting high residential property sales and demand for commercial property is also rising. Many new commercial projects are lined up in the city. According to a report ADAE’s Reliance Energy will launch a 1000 hectare Special Economic Zone in the city which will bring relief to traders from paying tax, excise and customs duty on buying of commercial property in Ghaziabad. Apart from that SVP Group, is planning to launch two new malls namely opulent mall and Gateway Mall which will house high profile retail ventures and bring more business to the city.
Journalism in Pakistan:
Al-Islam (1948) ed. by Ghulam Ali Chunara, Platinum Jubilee Review (1951) ed. by A.J. Chunara, Fidai Chronicle (Dacca, 1953) ed. M.R. Karwa. Mahrab (1954), Paigham (1955) ed. by Muhammad Ali B. Sayani, Parwaz (Dacca), Sargam (1958) ed. Kassim Ghari, Ismaili Mirror (1962), Ismaili World (1964) ed. by Sadruddin J. Hemani, Al-Qandeel (1965) from Peshawer, Al-Ismailia (1967) ed. by Noor Ali B. Mithani. Shinning Stars (1980). Phoolvadi (1980). Sevak (1989) ed. S.K. Tejani.
The Ismailia Association for Pakistan also published Ismaili Bulletin (1974) and it was followed by Hidayat (1982). These were followed by the Waezeen Digest.
Journalism in France:
“The renowned journal, “The Ismaili France” started from Paris in 1990 and “Ismaili Contact” in Paris in 1992. Both disappeared very soon.
Journalism in United Kingdom:
The Ismailia Association for U.K. published Ilm in 1975 and Al-Misbah in 1981. The Ismaili Council for U.K. also brought forth Ismaili Forum in 1980, and also UK Ismaili in 1984.
Journalism in United States:
The Ismaili Council for the United States brought out Roshni and The American Ismaili in 1980, and The American Waezeen Digest in 1987.
Journalism in East Africa:
The Jubilee Bulletin started in 1945, which earned the name of Ismaili Prakash in 1947. The Diamond Jubilee Souvenir published in 1946. It was followed by Majlis. In 1950, with the existence of Ismailia Association for Kenya in Nairobi, the Africa Ismaili started and shifted its venue very soon from Mombasa to Nairobi. Africa Ismaili was the first communal journal in Africa to complete 25 years, which formerly used to appear as Ismaili Prakash.
Meanwhile, a journal Education Bulletin appeared in 1939 from Mombassa and disappeared very soon. The same position with the following journals:- Old Boys Education Bulletin (1939), Old Boys (1945), Pukar (1945), Nuten Jyoti (1946), Bhawi Praja (1947), Mithi Mauj (1947), Paigham (1948), Awaz (1950), Imamat (1956), My Flag (1956) Awake (1964), etc.
A weekly paper also appeared in Mombasa in 1938, known as Africa Tribune which last for 12 months. Hence, none among the above survived more.
In Nairobi, the most prominent among the short-lived papers were:- Zahur (1939), edited by A.M. Sadruddin, Zaban and Awaz (1945), Al-Hussain (1947) and Waezeen Digest (1960), etc.
In 1933, Uganda had Ismaili Yuvak which disappeared very soon as if it had never published. Kismu and had Ismaili Welfare Bulletin in 1940, also printed one Una Voc (one voice) between 1965 and 1966. In 1953, Uganda magazine, Ismaili News, started in 1953 and continued till 1960.
From different centers, some other magazines also appeared, including Special Number from Jinja in 1946.
Tanzania was rich in its contribution. The famous journals were:- Africa Comrade (1925), Ismailia Bhagyodaya (1925), Jagrutti (1931), Chatanya Yug (1932), Tarun (1932) ed. by Ghulam Ali Pirbhai, Mithi Mauj (1933), Chaitanya Yuga (1933), Young Tanganika (1934), Shafiq. (1934), edited by A.M. Sadruddin. Gulshan-e-Ilm (1935), ed. Jafar Ali Sufi. Ismaili Voice (1936), edited by A.M. Sadruddin, Ismaili Mission Message (1940), Paigham (1948), On the March (1968). Mission Digest (1962) ed. by Abdul Hussain Daya and Sultan Ali Muhammad in Kisumu, Kenya. Ismaili Bagyada’i, etc. All of them disappeared within a few years, some of them lasted only a few months.
The Ismailia Association for Tanganika started Khidmat and Platinum in 1951, which later merged into Ismaili Crescent in 1961. African Sentinel edited by missionary Haji Muhammad Fazal, started in 1941 and continued till 1944 in Tanzania.
Among minor publication from up-country centers was Unity in 1959 from Mwanza. In addition, the Ismailia Association for Portugal published Al-Noor from Lisbon in 1980, Al-Kitab in 1985; and Al-Hidayat (1984) by Ismailia Association for Zaire.
Journalism in Canada:
The first renowned magazine published from Vancouver was Hikmat (1976) by Ismailia Association for Canada. The Canadian Ismaili appeared in 1976, and Ismaili Canada in 1995 by Ismaili Council for Canada. The Al-Risalah also began from Montreal in 1981.
Journalism in India:
Ismaili Sitaro, (1908) ed. Lalji Bhai Devraj, Khoja Bandhu, Khoja Mitr (1910), Khoja Hitvardak (1910), Satpanth Prakash (1916) ed. by Lalji Bhai Devraj, Ismaili Aftab (1919), ed. by V.N. Hood, then N.M. Budhwani in Dhoraji, Ismaili Akhbar (1920), Khoja Saundariya (1920), Ismaili (1923) ed. A.J. Chunara, Satpanth Prakash, Ismaili Darpan, Ismaili Prakash, Ismaili Bhomiyo, Khoja Sansar (1924), Hindi Panch Himayati (1924) by Verteji. Khoja Reformer (1925). Khoja Vahevar (1925), Awaaj, Nizari (1925) ed. by Chunara, Mith-i Mauj, Yuwan, Fidai (1927), ed. by G.H.S. Thaver Pir Muhammed, Yuvan (1930), Dass (1930) ed. by Kader Hussain Merali Manji, ed. by Jafar Ali Mukhi Hasan. Khoja Jagrutti (1933), Vishal, Drashti (1935), Searching Light (1940), Al-Islah (1943) ed. by Chunara. Momin Bandhu (1948) ed. by Ismail Rajan, Al-Amin, Zulfikar Ismaili, Dass, Elan (1950) ed. by Badruddin Hemani, Ismaili Digest (1950), Aina (1950) ed. V.N. Hooda, Volunteer (1950) ed. by B.T. Chhatriwala, Waezeen Digest (1951), Platinum Jubilee Bulletin (1951), ed. by A.C. Rahmatullah, Jagrutti (1955), Fidai Darshan (1968) ed. by H.H. Wadiwala Khoja Bulletin (1970), Ismaili Abhyuday, Nur-i Roshan (1977), etc.
The first Urdu fortnightly journal appeared in Rawalpindi in 1924, entitled, Ismaili Sadaqat edited by Mubarak Ali Ashiq Ali. The first Sindhi journal was My Flag published by Muhib Ali Mitha in Hyerabad, Sind in 1935.
Journalism in Middle East:
The first monthly journal, Al-Ghadir started from Beirut in 1953, edited by Mustapha Ghaleb.
Making calculations, we see the one journal has martyred itself for the community once every two years. Out of all these, only the Ismaili Aftab was able to complete a span of 25 years. It would be not an exaggeration to say that the weekly Ismaili was the only shinning example of Ismaili Journalism, for having been able to complete 50 years of the existence. The weekly Ismaili ended in the year 1995 after a long span of 72 years. Presently, The Ismaili Canada, The Ismaili India, The Ismaili Africa, The Ismaili United Kingdom and The Ismaili Pakistan are being published under respective National Councils.
Landmark education is a lifestyle changing program. You will definitely think that there is nothing new in it. There are plenty of new things actually and before start reading the review you need to be open minded. Otherwise it is not possible to understand the whole thing. You may feel that landmark education is nothing but conversing for hours. Landmark education has developed landmark forum so that likeminded people can interact and share various experiences of their lives. You may know many things and when you are facing troubles you may find that your knowledge about life is not enough. That is why landmark education based on practical solutions and conversations mostly. This is not possible to describe all the details about landmark forum in such a small space but we will try to let you know about most of the parts of landmark forum for sure.
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Imparting education via the Landmark Forum has become a global phenomenon. The concept of this sort of education underlines the significance of transformation. It is of no surprise as to why this mode of learning has inspired several individuals and organizations efficiently. Individuals have developed many insights and new ideas for living a healthy and productive lifestyle. Landmark Forum is offered in all prominent cities of the world, with its major offices aptly spread all over the globe. This worldwide format of education has boosted diversification in thought processes and a satisfaction of attaining fulfillment in all its subjects. It is the seed of incompleteness that lingers in most people around the world. This forum helps individuals eradicate the incomplete feeling from within them. Landmark Education is headquartered in San Francisco, with its educational branches opened in every country. Landmark Forum is a progressive course which teaches candidates certain groundbreaking principles, which are practical to use in this modern day world.
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The landmark forum is simply a basic course which is part of the many programs on offer. The forum is designed to help people make lasting changes in their personal and professional lives. This forum is open to everyone who is mentally healthy from professionals to students. If you attend the landmark forum expect to learn the main values of obtaining a positive outlook in life.
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If you are not interested in tool , then you have already missed a lot.